CHUV: BOILLAT-BLANCO Noémie, LHOPITALLIER Loïc
Antibiotic resistance in the general population is a major threat to public health. To examine ways for how to reduce antibiotic prescriptions among primary care physicians, the clinical trial examines two interventions:
1) a procalcitonin blood test to assess whether a bacterial infection is present and
2) a procalcitonin blood test in combination with lung ultrasonography if procalcitonin levels are high.
These two interventions are then compared to usual care regarding how much they reduce antibiotic prescriptions. A key question based on the results from the clinical trial is whether the interventions are cost-effective. In this project, we examine the cost-effectiveness in a comprehensive health economic analysis considering training costs, patient health outcomes, and medical equipment costs.